Are those white flakes embarrassing you and slaying off your confidence? If yes, then you must definitely read this article till end.
Dandruff is a skin condition that has affected 50% of the world’s population, irrespective of gender. It  is a skin and medical problem in which dead skin cells are shed from the scalp mainly caused due to fungus (Malassezia) and seborrheic dermatitis.

Causes of dandruff :

  • Irregular use of shampoo and brushing.
  • Excessive stress.
  • Dry scalp.
  • Skin conditions such as eczema and psoriasis.
  • Excessive growth of yeast like fungus (malassezia).
  • Parkinson’s disease.
  • Seborrheic dermatitis.
  • Lack of hygiene.
  • Imbalanced diet.

Remedies and Tips :

Try these home remedies right away and you will definitely start noticing some miraculous results within a month:

1. Apple Cider Vinegar (ACV)

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Apple Cider Vinegar is produced from the fermentation of the apples and has many beneficial properties, such as it is acidic, anti-microbial, disinfectant, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, anti-oxidant and also helps in balancing the pH level of your scalp.
As ACV  is antibacterial and antifungal, it helps in the shedding of dead skin cells and fungus from your scalp thus, helps to reduce dandruff from your scalp. This process will remove dandruff, dirt, debris and give you shiny and smooth hairs.
How to use?
Always use ACV in dilute form.
  • Shampoo your hairs as usual.
  • Combine, 1 tbsp of ACV with 1 glass of cold water.
  • Massage the above mixture to your scalp and hairs.
  • Leave if for about 5-10 minutes.
  • Rinse your hairs with cold water.
After rinsing your hairs with water, you can use conditioner if needed.
How often?
Twice a week.

2. Tea tree oil

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Tea tree oil is an anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial, anti-fungal agent which diminishes dandruff and reduces flakiness from your scalp. Tea tree oil is well known for its medicinal properties and benefits. 
Apart from removing dandruff, tea tree oil also removes lice, heals minor wounds, reduces hair loss, etc.
How to use?
  • Mix 2-3 drops of tea tree oil in your carrier oil.
  • Massage your scalp with this oil.
  • Leave it overnight or at least an hour.
  • Rinse your hairs with shampoo the next morning.
How often?
Twice a week. 
You can also use any tea tree oil based shampoo instead of this remedy.

3. Aloe Vera gel

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Aloe vera is a juicy medicinal herb known for healing wounds, maintaining health and also used in many cosmetic products. It is also an anti-fungal, anti-bacterial and abundant in vitamins and minerals. As it is anti-fungal it helps us to get rid of dandruff.
The moisturizing properties of aloe vera gel keeps dandruff at bay and frees your scalp from dry skin.
How to use?
  • Apply it directly to your scalp and leave it for half an hour.
  • Rinse your hair with cold water.
  • You can shampoo and condition your hairs as usual.
You can also add 1/2-1 tablepoon of honey to aloe vera gel.
How often?
Twice a week.

4. Neem 

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Neem (Indian Lilac) is a medicinal tree which has anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial properties which gives us numerous benefits : reduces dandruff, minimizes frizziness, conditions your hairs, minimizes grey hairs and also diminishes head lice. The properties of neem leaves help you to get rid of flaky and itchy scalps and keeps your scalp free of any infection.
How to use?
  • Boil handful of leaves in 2 glasses of water.
  • Let it simmer for 5 minutes.
  • Let it cool down.
  • Shampoo your hairs and rinse it.
  • Now rinse your hair with the mixture.
  • Let it stay for 5-10 minutes.
  • Now rinse your hairs with cold water.
How often?
Twice a week.

5. Fenugreek seeds (methi seeds)

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Fenugreek seeds are loaded with proteins which is necessary for your hair growth and also maintains the pH balance of your scalp and hairs which indirectly results in the prevention of dandruff. Along with dandruff, it also moisturizes your scalp, keeps your hair glossy and healthy.
How to use?
  • Soak 2-3 tbsp of fenugreek seeds in water. Now leave it overnight.
  • Next morning, grind it and make a thick paste out of it.
  • Now mix that paste with 1/2 cup milk/coconut milk.
  • Apply the mixture to your scalp and to the full length of your hairs.
  • Let it stay for about half an hour.
  • Now rinse your hairs with a mild shampoo as usual.
How often?
Twice a week.

6. Minimize stress levels

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Taking too much stress makes your scalp itchy and dry which will eventually lead you to have dandruff. The major aggravation of dandruff occurs when you have weak immune system which causes due to taking excessive stress.
Here are some of the ways through which you can create a balance between your mind and body:
yoga, meditation, eating a balanced and healthy diet, deep breathing, etc.

7. Curd (dahi) and lemon juice

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The citric juice and Vitamin C in lemons and  nutrients and vitamins of curd helps in slaying off dandruff and white flakes from your scalp.
How to use?
  • Take half cup curd and add 1 tbsp of lemon juice to it.
  • Mix it thoroughly.
  • Apply it to your scalp and to the length of your hairs.
  • Let it stay for about half an hour and shampoo your hairs as usual.

How often?

Twice a week.

Prevention :

These easy and simple steps will keep you away from getting dandruff:
  • Always use your own comb for your hairs.
  • While shampooing, gently massage your scalp to remove dandruff.
  • Don’t scratch your scalp often.
  • Wash your hands more often.
  • Always wear a scarf or a cap while going outside.

Conclusion :

Finally, I want to tell you, the time you see some dandruff in your scalp or shoulders, start doing these home remedies right way. It is better to start early than starting it at a critical stage.